What is it?
Hepatitis A is a viral infection that causes inflammation of the liver and is contracted via contaminated supplies of food and water. The World Health Organization have estimated that there are approximately 1.4 million cases of hepatitis A every year worldwide.
Countries at risk…
Countries at risk Hepatitis A occurs worldwide however most cases occurs in developing countries with poor sanitation and hygiene commonly in Africa, Asia, South & Central America.
Our recommended vaccines for the most common travel destinations outside of Europe includes Hepatitis A, Typhoid and Diphtheria, Tetanus and Polio (DTP) vaccines. For travellers who are visiting the developing world on a regular basis or for prolonged periods of time, we would recommend considering hepatitis B vaccine. Cholera is worth considering for travellers visiting rural areas of developing countries. The vaccine against cholera (Dukoral) also reduces the risk of the most common form of traveller’s diarrhoea caused by E coli. Dukoral is an oral vaccine given in two doses one week apart.
Only drink from a sealed water bottle or boiled water. Avoid ice and salad that has been washed with tap water. Only eat fruit that can be peeled and avoid uncooked food. Ensure that food is freshly cooked and piping hot.
Signs and symptoms
It can take up to 14-28 days for symptoms to arise. The severity of symptoms can range from mild to severe and include fever, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea muscle aches, weight loss, abdominal pain and yellowing of the skin and eyes.
Once vaccinated with Hepatitis A booster is required after a minimum of 6 months. Once the booster has been administered the individual will be covered against Hepatitis A for 25 years.
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